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Nutmeg is the seed or ground spice of several species of the genus Myristica.
Myristica fragrans (fragrant nutmeg or true nutmeg) is a dark-leaved evergreen tree cultivated for two spices derived from its fruit: nutmeg, from its seed, and mace, from the seed covering.
It is also a commercial source of an essential oil and nutmeg butter.
The California nutmeg, Torreya californica, has a seed of similar appearance, but is not closely related to Myristica fragrans, and is not used as a spice.
Indonesia is the main producer of nutmeg and mace.
If consumed in amounts exceeding its typical use as a spice, nutmeg powder may produce allergic reactions, cause contact dermatitis, or have psychoactive effects.
Although used in traditional medicine for treating various disorders, nutmeg has no scientifically confirmed medicinal value.